MONITORING IONOSPHERIC VARIATION FOR A DEFINITE PERIOD TIME IN TURKEY
Keywords: Ionosphere, Total Electron Content, GNSS
Abstract. Ionosphere has been studied by a number of scientists in recent years. Since GPS observations cannot provide TEC value directly, it can be estimated from combination of observations. In this study TEC values derived from GPS observations were produced variations with two hours increments from the eighth day to fifteenth day in months just after beginning of each season, namely January, April, July and October in 2014 for ZONG TUSAGA-Aktif station and 41 other stations (TUSAGA-Aktif, EUREF, IGS). TEC values computed by the Bernese 5.0 software were compared with the Global Ionosphere Model (GIM) TEC values regularly published by Center for Orbit Determination in Europe (CODE) and International Reference Ionosphere (IRI-2012) TEC values. As a result of this study, with the comparison of GPS TEC values to GIM TEC values, it has become obvious that GPS TEC values are quite similar to the GIM TEC values. The differences of TEC values derived from GPS TEC and GIM TEC change from 0.91 TECU (January) to 1.88 TECU (October). On the other hand, GPS TEC values are also compared with IRI TEC values, and found out that there is a considerable difference between the two TEC values ranging from 6.30 TECU (January) to 15.15 TECU (April). Moreover, TEC values derived from GPS measurements are attained similar to GIM TEC, but found to stray from IRI-2012 TEC values remarkably.