ROLE OF TIE-POINTS DISTRIBUTION IN AERIAL PHOTOGRAPHY
Keywords: Photogrammetry, Image matching, Tie-Points, Feature-based matching, RANSAC, Von Gruber positions
Abstract. Automatic image matching algorithms, and especially feature-based methods, profoundly changed our understanding and requirements of tie points. The number of tie points has increased by orders of magnitude, yet the notions of accuracy and reliability of tie points remain equally important. The spatial distribution of tie points is less predictable, and is subject only to limited control. Feature-based methods also highlighted a conceptual division of the matching process into two separate stages – feature extraction and feature matching.
In this paper we discuss whether spatial distribution requirements, such as Von Gruber positions, are still relevant to modern matching methods. We argue that forcing such patterns might no longer be required in the feature extraction stage. However, we claim spatial distribution is important in the feature matching stage.
We will focus on terrains that are notorious for difficult matching, such as water bodies, with real data obtained by users of VisionMap’s A3 Edge camera and LightSpeed photogrammetric suite.