The International Archives of the Photogrammetry, Remote Sensing and Spatial Information Sciences
Publications Copernicus
Articles | Volume XL-8
28 Nov 2014
 | 28 Nov 2014

Land Cover Change Detection Using Object-Based Classification Technique: A Case Study Along The Kosi River, Bihar

M. Modi, R. Kumar, G. Ravi Shankar, and T.R. Martha

Keywords: Multi-resolution Segmentation, OBIA, Feature Space Optimization, Land Cover, Land Cover Change, LULC

Abstract. Land use/land cover (LULC) is dynamic in nature and can affect the ability of land to sustain human activities. The Indo-Gangetic plains of north Bihar in eastern India are prone to floods, which have a significant impact on land use / land cover, particularly agricultural lands and settlement areas. Satellite remote sensing techniques allow generating reliable and near-realtime information of LULC and have the potential to monitor these changes due to periodic flood. Automated methods such as object-based techniques have better potential to highlight changes through time series data analysis in comparison to pixel-based methods, since the former provides an opportunity to apply shape, context criteria in addition to spectral criteria to accurately characterise the changes. In this study, part of Kosi river flood plains in Supaul district, Bihar has been analysed to identify changes due to a flooding event in 2008. Object samples were collected from the post-flood image for a nearest neighbourhood (NN) classification in an object-based environment. Collection of sample were partially supported by the existing 2004–05 database. The feature space optimisation procedure was adopted to calculate an optimum feature combination (i.e. object property) that can provide highest classification accuracy. In the study, for classification of post-flood image, best class separation was obtained by using distance of 0.533 for 28 parameters out of 34. Results show that the Kosi flood has resulted in formation of sandy riverine areas.