ADVANCED TIE FEATURE MATCHING FOR THE REGISTRATION OF MOBILE MAPPING IMAGING DATA AND AERIAL IMAGERY
Keywords: Mobile Mapping, Orientation, Accuracy, Estimation, Feature Matching, Template Matching
Abstract. Mobile Mapping’s ability to acquire high-resolution ground data is opposing unreliable localisation capabilities of satellite-based positioning systems in urban areas. Buildings shape canyons impeding a direct line-of-sight to navigation satellites resulting in a deficiency to accurately estimate the mobile platform’s position. Consequently, acquired data products’ positioning quality is considerably diminished. This issue has been widely addressed in the literature and research projects. However, a consistent compliance of sub-decimetre accuracy as well as a correction of errors in height remain unsolved.
We propose a novel approach to enhance Mobile Mapping (MM) image orientation based on the utilisation of highly accurate orientation parameters derived from aerial imagery. In addition to that, the diminished exterior orientation parameters of the MM platform will be utilised as they enable the application of accurate matching techniques needed to derive reliable tie information. This tie information will then be used within an adjustment solution to correct affected MM data.
This paper presents an advanced feature matching procedure as a prerequisite to the aforementioned orientation update. MM data is ortho-projected to gain a higher resemblance to aerial nadir data simplifying the images’ geometry for matching. By utilising MM exterior orientation parameters, search windows may be used in conjunction with a selective keypoint detection and template matching. Originating from different sensor systems, however, difficulties arise with respect to changes in illumination, radiometry and a different original perspective. To respond to these challenges for feature detection, the procedure relies on detecting keypoints in only one image.
Initial tests indicate a considerable improvement in comparison to classic detector/descriptor approaches in this particular matching scenario. This method leads to a significant reduction of outliers due to the limited availability of putative matches and the utilisation of templates instead of feature descriptors. In our experiments discussed in this paper, typical urban scenes have been used for evaluating the proposed method. Even though no additional outlier removal techniques have been used, our method yields almost 90% of correct correspondences. However, repetitive image patterns may still induce ambiguities which cannot be fully averted by this technique. Hence and besides, possible advancements will be briefly presented.