ULTRA-HIGH PRECISION UAV-BASED LIDAR AND DENSE IMAGE MATCHING
Keywords: UAV-based LiDAR, UAV-based Dense Image Matching, Deformation Monitoring, Engineering Geodetic Application
Abstract. This paper presents a study on the potential of ultra-high accurate UAV-based 3D data capture. It is motivated by a project aiming at the deformation monitoring of a ship lock and its surrounding. This study is part of a research and development project initiated by the German Federal Institute of Hydrology (BfG) in Koblenz in partnership with the Office of Development of Neckar River Heidelberg (ANH). For this first official presentation of the project, data from the first flight campaign will be analysed and presented. Despite the fact that monitoring aspects cannot be discussed before data from additional flight campaigns will be available later this year, our results from the first campaign highlight the potential of high-end UAV-based image and LiDAR sensors and their data fusion. So far, only techniques from engineering geodesy could fulfil the aspired accuracy demands in the range of millimetres. To the knowledge of the authors, this paper for the first time addresses such ultra-high accuracy applications by combing high precision UAV-based LiDAR and dense image matching. As the paper is written at an early stage of processing only preliminary results can be given here.