THE HBIM ANALYSIS OF THE GEOMETRY TO UNDERSTAND THE CONSTRUCTIVE TECHNIQUE: THE USE OF THE TROMPE VOLUME IN A BRICK VAULT
Keywords: Geometry, brick vault, trompe, constructive technology, 3d model, HBIM, NURBS, generatives, cloister vault, dome
Abstract. The construction of brick-vaulted systems between the 16th and 18th centuries is a typical mark among the noble buildings in large part of Northern Italy. Nowadays they are still a witness of a high level of constructive knowledge by workers, formalized in historical treatises and manuals supporting a literature of theories and practices known since ancient times. The way a vault is geometrically built, regardless of its typology, is not unique and it differs in treatises, according to its location in time and space. The consequence is the generation of “mixed” solutions, where the result of the final volume is achieved by the integration of different generative models and spatial solutions. The observation of cloister vaults, apparently similar to each other but built adopting different constructive techniques within a single building, Magio Grasselli Palace in Cremona, helped to understand this topic.