HIERARCHICAL DATA MODEL FOR STORAGE AND INDEXING OF MASSIVE STREET VIEW
Keywords: Mobile mapping system, Data model, image indexing, 3D-Grid, time-indexing
Abstract. Maintaining an up-to-date inventory of urban infrastructure such as fire hydrant is critical to urban management. Street view database such as Google Street View and Baidu Street View contain street-level images, their potential for urban management has not been fully explored. For the massive image, data model for storage and indexing is an important research issue. Considering multiple cameras and GPS device in the image capturing platform, a hierarchical data model named 3D-Grid is proposed. Massive street view images were stored according to grid ID, GPS time and camera ID. An efficient time indexing algorithm is brought forth to replace the spatial indexing. Real test experiments are conducted in a project, and the validation and feasibility of 3D-Grid including time indexing algorithm were validated.