CONVERSE TRENDS OF THE TERRESTRIAL AND GROUND WATER STORAGE CHANGES IN CANADA AND THE UNITED STATES
Keywords: Canada and United States, Total water storage changes, Ground water storage changes, GRACE data, GPS data
Abstract. We study the terrestrial water storage (TWS) and groundwater storage (GWS) changes in Canada and United States. We employ the separation approach from Wang et al. (2013) together with the improved GRACE data of Release 6 for a longer time span until December, 2016. The TWS signals from lake levels are derived from satellite altimetry data over the lakes while TWS signals due to soil moisture (SM) and snow water equivalent (SWE) changes from hydrology models. There are four significant trend anomalies in North America for both TWS and GWS changes. Two positive anomalies are found in Canada with their centers in the provinces of Saskatchewan and Quebec, respectively, due to increased precipitation and/or increased runoff in their surroundings. Two negative anomalies are shown in the United States with their centers in California and the northwest of Texas, respectively, which are due to decreased precipitation and, especially for California, high water usage for agriculture.