PRECISE AERIAL IMAGE ORIENTATION USING SAR GROUND CONTROL POINTS FOR MAPPING OF URBAN LANDMARKS
Keywords: Aerial Imagery, Georeferencing Accuracy, Radar-GCPs, Geodetic SAR Processing, Bundle Adjustment, Automatic GCP detection
Abstract. Highly precise ground control points, which are globally available, can be derived from the SAR satellite TerraSAR-X. This opens up many new applications like for example the precise aerial image orientation. In this paper, we propose a method for precise aerial image orientation using spaceborne geodetic Synthetic Aperture Radar Ground Control Points (SAR-GCPs). The precisely oriented aerial imagery can then be used e.g. for mapping of urban landmarks, which support the ego-positioning of autonomous cars. The method for precise image orientation was validated based on two aerial image data sets. SAR-GCPs were measured in images, then the image orientation has been improved by a bundle-adjustment. Results based on check points show, that the accuracy of the image orientation is better than 5 cm in X and Y coordinates.