A SEMANTIC 3D POINT CLOUD SEGMENTATION APPROACH BASED ON OPTIMAL VIEW SELECTION FOR 2D IMAGE FEATURE EXTRACTION
Keywords: Point cloud processing, Semantic segmentation, Structure-from-Motion data, City models
Abstract. 3D semantic segmentation is the joint task of partitioning a point cloud into semantically consistent 3D regions and assigning them to a semantic class/label. While the traditional approaches for 3D semantic segmentation typically rely only on structural information of the objects (i.e. object geometry and shape), the last years many techniques combining both visual and geometric features have emerged, taking advantage of the progress in SfM/MVS algorithms that reconstruct point clouds from multiple overlapping images. Our work describes a hybrid methodology for 3D semantic segmentation, relying both on 2D and 3D space and aiming at exploring whether image selection is critical as regards the accuracy of 3D semantic segmentation of point clouds. Experimental results are demonstrated on a free online dataset depicting city blocks around Paris. The experimental procedure not only validates that hybrid features (geometric and visual) can achieve a more accurate semantic segmentation, but also demonstrates the importance of the most appropriate view for the 2D feature extraction.