CONSTRUCTION METHOD OF “CELL-CUBE” SPATIO-TEMPORAL DATA MODEL FOR BIG DATA
Keywords: Big Data, Multi-Feature,Data Organization,Data Storage, Spatio-temporal Data Model
Abstract. In recent years, with high accuracy, high frequency, considerable coverage of remote sensing images, map tiles, video surveillance, web crawlers, social networking platforms and other types of spatiotemporal data have exploded in geometric progression. Human society has come into the era of big data in time and space. In view of the characteristics of multi-attribute, multi-dimensional, multisource and heterogeneous spatiotemporal big data, how to make use of the emerging information technology means, combined with the geographic information data analysis means, the rapid mining and utilization of spatiotemporal big data has become a key problem to be solved. Built on the background of spatiotemporal big data and the process of geospatial cognition, this paper proposes a "cell-cube" spatiotemporal object data model. This paper constructs a model system of geo-spatiotemporal big data from the aspects of data organization, data storage and data partition, and abstracts the geo-space into an infinite number of geo-cells, and the adjacent geo-cells gather around the core cells to form geographical clusters, and the geographical clusters with similar attributes are clustered into geographical blocks. At the level of data organization, the spatial and temporal characteristics of structured data and unstructured data are considered as organizational dimensions, and a multi-factor extended cube data model is proposed. In the aspect of data storage, the organization model is further abstracted into the cell-cube structure of distributed data warehouse, and then the spatiotemporal data is stored uniformly. At the level of data segmentation, the mathematical table and space calculation method of multi-feature extended cube are proposed, and the geographical cell data division model based on connection is established. It solves the organization and management problem of spatiotemporal big data, provides a more complete data organization framework and solution for the application of geo-spatiotemporal big data, and promotes the development of deep mining of spatiotemporal extensive data in GIS. And to achieve space-time big data in the geographical space microscopic and the macroscopic unification cognition.