MONITORING AND ASSESSMENT OF ECOLOGICAL CHANGE IN COASTAL CITIES BASED ON RSEI
Keywords: RSEI, Ecological quality evaluation, Remote sensing, Landsat 8, Sentinel-2A
Abstract. With the speeding up of urbanization process, ecological problems, such as unsustainable land use and environmental pollution,have emerged one after another in cites. Nowadays, green development and ecological priority are the important concepts and trends of the current new urban planning in China. In this study, Pingtan County, a coastal city in Fujian Province, China, was taken as the research area. Based on two Landsat 8 remote sensing images (2016, 2017), and two Sentinel-2A remote sensing images (2016, 2017), we first adopt the modified normalized water body index (MNDWI) to mask the water body. Four indicators, including greenness, humidity, dryness and heat were extracted to synthesize the remote sensing ecological index (RSEI), which were obtained by principal component analysis method. Based on the RSEI values acquired from Landsat 8 and Sentinel-2A images, the ecological environment change trend in Pingtan County was evaluated .The experimental results show that: 1) The RSEI indicators based on Landsat 8 and sentinel data all show a downward trend, but due to due to the influence of image spatial resolution and PCA weighting coefficient, the RSEI index has different degrees of decline. 2) The main reason for the decline in RSEI is the increase in NDSI indicators. Compared with July 2016, the bare ground increased in April 2017. Although the NDVI has increased, the overall trend is still declining. Therefore, it is necessary to ecologically return farmland and improve vegetation coverage in the future development process. 3) In recent years, the ecological quality of new construction land near drinking water sources has declined, so it is necessary to strengthen monitoring of changes in the region.