FUSION OF TLS AND UAV PHOTOGRAMMETRY DATA FOR POST-EARTHQUAKE 3D MODELING OF A CULTURAL HERITAGE CHURCH
Keywords: TLS, UAV photogrammetry, data fusion, 3D modeling, post-earthquake, heritage
Abstract. Nowadays, the necessity of heritage documentation is essential for monitoring, maintenance, and understanding needed for conservation. The survey phase has been considerably improved using cutting-edge technologies such as Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (UAV) and Terrestrial Laser Scanners (TLS). Both of these technologies have been applied in heritage documentation individually or combined. Heritage documentation in a post-natural disaster is a situation that requires rapid data acquisition on a hazardous field. On 12th of June 2017 an earthquake (Mw = 6.3), south of Lesvos island, Greece occurred, which was devastating for the Vrisa village destroying, among many other buildings the main church. The Greek State decided from the first moment to restore the whole village, which was proclaimed as a “traditional settlement” since 2002, in its original place starting from the church and the school due to the symbolic meaning that those have to a local community. For this purpose, a 3D model of the church was requested by the authorities for damage assessment. In this paper TLS and UAV photogrammetry has been used in an integrated design to rapidly facilitate the acquisition of the whole church, eliminating all possible occlusions. The TLS was exploited for the acquisition of the facades while the UAV was used for the acquisition of the roof. The recent improvement of the post-processing algorithms provided the ability to implement the fusion of TLS and UAV models and deliver an accurate 3D model of the whole church the same day that the survey was conducted.