MONITORING EROSION AND ACCRETION SITUATION IN THE COASTAL ZONE AT KIEN GIANG PROVINCE
Keywords: erosion/accretion, Kien Giang province, Normalized Difference Water Index (NDWI), shoreline
Abstract. Kien Giang is one of the coastal provinces in the Mekong Delta which is facing the problem of coastal erosion to affect people’s life in the coastal area. This project aims to monitor shoreline and to assess landslide and accretion situation in the period from 1975 to 2015 in the coastal area of Kien Giang province. The study applied Normalized Difference Water Index (MNWI) method and water level extraction using LANDSAT imagery from 1975 to 2015 for highlight the shoreline. Thus, analysis was identified erosion and accretion areas based on shoreline changes and land use influenced by landslides and deposition. The results show to create shoreline changes from 1997 to 2015 in the coastal area of Kien Giang province. A landslide occurred in the west from Nguyen Viet Khai commune to Thuan Hoa commune and Nam Yen commune to Vinh Hoa Hiep commune, Rach Gia city, Kien Giang province. An accretion situation was determined in the areas from Thuan Hoa commune, An Minh district to Nam Thai commune, An Bien district, Kien Giang province, Rach Gia sea encroachment at Rach Gia town and Ha Tien encroachment area at Ha Tien town, Kien Giang province. In general, the coastal area of Kien Giang province has a predominant tendency of accretion, however, the occurrence of erosion and accretion are happened interlacing in the coastal area at Kien Giang province.