INTER-ANNUAL HEIGHT VARIATIONS OBSERVED BY GPS MEASUREMENTS IN TURKEY
Keywords: Inter-annual signal, Height, GPS, Climate change
Abstract. Turkey is located in Africa-Eurasia-Saudi Arabian plate converged areas with surrounding by the Black Sea and the Mediterranean Sea. Apart from its tectonic conditions, the climate is complexly varying according to regions. As an example while in the northern regions floods often endanger human life, and in the middle regions, drought is a serious situation. To understand the Earth system and its temporal changes, a reliable measurement of various geophysical processes and mass redistribution is needed, which are mostly related to the regional water cycle and coupling processes associated with a mass exchange between the oceans, the lands and the atmosphere at seasonal and inter-annual timescales. Nowadays, dense and continuous GPS (Global Positioning System) observations provide direct measurements to capture such signals. In this paper, continuous GPS coordinate time series and inter-annual height variations are obtained and investigated from Turkish CORS network called TUSAGA-Active with more than 140 stations from 01 Jan. 2010 to 01 Jan. 2016 processed by GAMIT/GLOBK software. Results show significant inter-annual variations of GPS height time series with a period of about 2.8 years at most GPS stations. Furthermore, some relationship between inter-annual height and rainfall as well as ENSO index will be further investigated, indicating that inter-annual height variations are mostly related to climate changes, such as drought. These results will contribute to understand continuous GPS measurement signals in Turkey as well as applications in near-real-time geohazards estimations.