COMPARISON OF DIFFERENT CLASSIFICATION TECHNIQUES TO IDENTIFY COCONUT GROWING AREAS IN KOZIKHODE DISTRICT, KERALA
Keywords: Coconut, Sentinel-2A, NDVI, MXL, ISODATA, Random Forest, CHAMAN
Abstract. This study was envisaged to map the coconut growing areas in Kerala state of India, using multidate NDVI obtained from sentinel 2A MSI data, having spatial resolution as 10 m. 95% Cloud free satellite images were taken for classification and date of pass considered for the study were 16th February, 2017 and 18th December, 2017 for Kozhikode district of Kerala. In this study bio-window of coconut plantation was identified using NDVI images of two dates. It was observed that interclass variations were more prominent in February image. Forest, dense and moderately dense coconut plantations have significantly different NDVI values in February image whereas in December image all three features have similar values. Hence, February image was classified using three classification methods i.e. ISODATA, maximum likelihood and random forest classification to assess which method is better to distinguish coconut plantation from other classes. Random Forest classification technique was found to be more accurate in identifying coconut plantation. Area was also estimated for Kozhikode district and compared with the government statistics. Google Earth was taken as reference to identify coconut plantation as it has a unique star shaped canopy, which is clearly visible in high-resolution imagery.