A WEB PLATFORM FOR CRISIS MANAGEMENT BASED ON VOLUNTARY DATA AND FREE TOOLS IN CASE OF NATURAL DISASTER
Keywords: Natural Disaster, OpenStreetMap, spatial database, Web Platform
An effective intervention of emergency based on good management of resources such as road, can limit the damage in practice. The road network can be easily damaged by a natural disaster which makes it partially or completely unusable. Also, it would be crucial to quickly map the most affected areas and associate them with a list of the necessary aids, or even indicate the places probably in danger to ensure the safety of the nearby population.
Currently, web mapping and especially voluntary web mapping (such as the famous OpenStreetMap) are presented as a key tool for the management of crisis response teams, thanks to their mobility and simplicity for the wider public, the latter can play a vital role in creating and sharing real-time data from disaster areas to better manage emergency services. A web platform will allow the contribution of anyone wishing to provide support from its location using mobile devices, and enrich the crisis cells with the largest amount of geospatial information.
Our work consists of implementing a web platform based on free tools and existing data. This platform will be accessible in case of natural disaster by everyone in order to supply its database. A global methodology for structuring and the implementing will be presented and discussed.