APPLICABILITY ASSESSMENT OF UAV MAPPING FOR DISASTER DAMAGE INVESTIGATION IN KOREA
Keywords: UAVs, Rapid Drone Mapping, Natural Disaster, Damage Investigation
Abstract. As natural disaster occurs, the local and the central government should investigate the damaged fields promptly, analyze quantitatively the degree of damage, and establish an appropriate disaster recovery plan in accordance with Framework Act on the Management of Disasters and Safety in Korea. The purpose of this study is to assess the applicability of UAV photogrammetry for the management of natural disaster. First, we suggest small easy-to-use UAV-based investigation procedure for natural disaster damaged area in the phase of disaster recovery in Korea. Before drone-based aerial surveying, the field survey can be performed with DGPS RTK for GCPs setting-up around disaster site. In this paper, we generate three dimensional terrain information and high-resolution ortho-imagery and then analyse quantitatively damage degree by natural disaster using commercial UAVs and drone mapping technique. Finally, we evaluate the mapping accuracy and work efficiency of drone mapping for disaster investigation application through comparing with traditional investigation work process which was dependent on labour-intensive field survey. The resolution ortho-image map of within less 5cm of GSD generated by aerial photographs acquired from UAVs at the altitude of 100m~250m enabled us to check damage information such as facilities destroy or the trace of soil erosion around the river flooded and reservoir collapsed area. In addition, three dimensional point cloud data of landslide-damaged areas enabled us to more accurately measure the width and the depth of outflows caused by landslides, soil runoff distance, and landslide damage area. The photogrammetry-based drone mapping technology for the disaster damage investigation is expected to be an alternative approach to support or replace the labour-intensive disaster site survey that needs to investigate the disaster site quickly and timely.