MAPPING OF BURNED AREA USING PRESENCE AND BACKGROUND LEARNING FRAMEWORK ON THE GOOGLE EARTH ENGINE PLATFORM
Keywords: Burned area, feature extraction, Google Earth Engine platform, one-class classification, SVM Classification, Presence and background learning framework
Abstract. Mapping of burned areas caused by forest fires was always a main concern to researchers in the field of remote sensing. Thus, various spectral indices and classification techniques have been proposed in the literature. In such a problem, only one specific class is of real interest and could be referred to as a one-class classification problem. One-class classification methods are highly desirable for quick mapping of classes of interest. A common used solution to deal with One-Class classification problem is based on oneclass support vector machine (OC-SVM). This method has proved useful in classification of remote sensing images. However, overfitting problem and difficulty in tuning parameters have become the major obstacles for this method. The new Presence and Background Learning (PBL) framework does not require complicated model selection and can generate very high accuracy results. On the other hand the Google Earth Engine (GEE) portal provides access to satellite and other ancillary data, cloud computing, and algorithms for processing large amounts of data with relative ease. Therefore, this study mainly aims to investigate the possibility of using the PBL framework within the GEE platform to extract burned areas from freely available Landsat archive in the year 2015. The quality of the results obtained using PBL framework was assessed using ground truth digitized by qualified technicians and compared to other classification techniques: Thresholding burned area spectral Index (BAI) and OC-SVM classifiers. Experimental results demonstrate that PBL framework for mapping the burned areas shows the higher classification accuracy than the other classifiers, and it highlights the suitability for the cases with few positive labelled samples available, which facilitates the tedious work of manual digitizing.