APPLICATION OF THE STEEP SLOPE RISK ASSESSMENT USING THREE DIMENSIONAL INFORMATION DATA
Keywords: Terrestrial LiDAR, Three dimension, spatial information data, Natural disaster, Steep slope
Abstract. A collapse of slope is one of the natural disasters that often occur during the early spring and the rainy season. In order to prevent this kind of disaster, safety monitoring is carried out through risk assessment. This assessment consists of various parameters such as inclination angle and height of the slope, and inspectors evaluate the score using the compass, the laser range finder, and so on. This approach is, however, consumed a lot of the manpower and the time. This study, therefore, aims to evaluate the rapid and accurate steep slope risk by using a terrestrial LiDAR which takes 3 dimensional spatial information data. 3D spatial information data was acquired using the terrestrial LiDAR for steep slopes classified as very unstable slopes. Noise and vegetation of the acquired scan data were removed to generate point cloud data with a rock or mountain model without vegetation. The RMSE of the registration accuracy was 0.0156 m. From the point cloud data, the inclination angle, height, shape, valley, collapse and loss were evaluated. As a result, various risk assessment parameters can be checked at once. In addition, it is expected to be used as basic data for constructing steep slope DB, providing visualization data, and time series analysis in the future.