THE FOUNDATION GPS WATER VAPOR INVERSION AND ITS APPLICATION RESEARCH
Keywords: Global Positioning System(GPS), Tropospheric delay, Wet delay, Inversion of water vapor, Precipitable water vapor
Abstract. Using GPS technology to retrieve atmospheric water vapor is a new water vapor detection method, which can effectively compensate for the shortcomings of conventional water vapor detection methods, to provide high-precision, large-capacity, near real-time water vapor information. In-depth study of ground-based GPS detection of atmospheric water vapor technology aims to further improve the accuracy and practicability of GPS inversion of water vapor and to explore its ability to detect atmospheric water vapor information to better serve the meteorological services. In this paper, the influence of the setting parameters of initial station coordinates, satellite ephemeris and solution observation on the total delay accuracy of the tropospheric zenith is discussed based on the observed data. In this paper, the observations obtained from the observation network consisting of 8 IGS stations in China in June 2013 are used to inverse the water vapor data of the 8 stations. The data of Wuhan station is further selected and compared with the data of Nanhu Sounding Station in Wuhan The error between the two data was between -6mm-6mm, and the trend of the two was almost the same, the correlation reached 95.8 %. The experimental results also verify the reliability of ground-based GPS inversion of water vapor technology.