STRUCTURAL INFORMATION DETECTION BASED FILTER FOR GF-3 SAR IMAGES
Keywords: GF-3 SAR images, despeckling filter, adaptive windowing, structural information
Abstract. GF-3 satellite with high resolution, large swath, multi-imaging mode, long service life and other characteristics, can achieve allweather and all day monitoring for global land and ocean. It has become the highest resolution satellite system in the world with the C-band multi-polarized synthetic aperture radar (SAR) satellite. However, due to the coherent imaging system, speckle appears in GF-3 SAR images, and it hinders the understanding and interpretation of images seriously. Therefore, the processing of SAR images has big challenges owing to the appearance of speckle. The high-resolution SAR images produced by the GF-3 satellite are rich in information and have obvious feature structures such as points, edges, lines and so on. The traditional filters such as Lee filter and Gamma MAP filter are not appropriate for the GF-3 SAR images since they ignore the structural information of images. In this paper, the structural information detection based filter is constructed, successively including the point target detection in the smallest window, the adaptive windowing method based on regional characteristics, and the most homogeneous sub-window selection. The despeckling experiments on GF-3 SAR images demonstrate that compared with the traditional filters, the proposed structural information detection based filter can well preserve the points, edges and lines as well as smooth the speckle more sufficiently.