MAPPING WETLANDS OF DONGTING LAKE IN CHINA USING LANDSAT AND SENTINEL-1 TIME SERIES AT 30M
Keywords: Wetlands, Landsat, Sentinel-1, Time series, Dongting Lake, SVM
Abstract. Mapping and monitoring wetlands of Dongting lake using optical sensor data has been limited by cloud cover, and open access Sentinal-1 C-band data could provide cloud-free SAR images with both have high spatial and temporal resolution, which offer new opportunities for monitoring wetlands. In this study, we combined optical data and SAR data to map wetland of Dongting Lake reserves in 2016. Firstly, we generated two monthly composited Landsat land surface reflectance, NDVI, NDWI, TC-Wetness time series and Sentinel-1 (backscattering coefficient for VH and VV) time series. Secondly, we derived surface water body with two monthly frequencies based on the threshold method using the Sentinel-1 time series. Then the permanent water and seasonal water were separated by the submergence ratio. Other land cover types were identified based on SVM classifier using Landsat time series. Results showed that (1) the overall accuracies and kappa coefficients were above 86.6 % and 0.8. (3) Natural wetlands including permanent water body (14.8 %), seasonal water body (34.6 %), and permanent marshes (10.9 %) were the main land cover types, accounting for 60.3 % of the three wetland reserves. Human-made wetlands, such as rice fields, accounted 34.3 % of the total area. Generally, this study proposed a new flowchart for wetlands mapping in Dongting lake by combining multi-source remote sensing data, and the use of the two-monthly composited optical time series effectively made up the missing data due to the clouds and increased the possibility of precise wetlands classification.