THE IMPACTS OF TYPICAL DROUGHT EVENTS ON TERRESTRIAL VEGETATION IN CHINA
Keywords: vegetation type, drought event, SPEI, the North China, the Southwest China
Abstract. In our study, according to the statistical results of standardized precipitation evapotranspiration index (SPEI), we chose two drought events which occurred in the North China during 2001 and in the Southwest China from 2009 to 2010. And two of the Global Land Surface Satellite (GLASS) products had been used to evaluate the impacts of drought on vegetation, including the leaf area index (LAI) and the fraction of absorbed photosynthetically active radiation (FAPAR). The results show that: (1) In the development process of a drought event, the anomaly of remote sensing parameters (LAI and FAPAR) usually falls firstly and then rises as the drought changes from moderate to severe and then to moderate. This indicates that the effects of drought on vegetation remote sensing parameters are closely related to the severity of drought disaster. (2) The response of different vegetation types to the drought disaster is different. Compared with the forests, the response of grasslands to drought disaster is earlier. For example, the duration affected by drought disaster in grassland is longer 1/3 than the forests in the Southwest China. (3) Irrigation is an effective measure to mitigate the effects of drought. Irrigated croplands are less affected by drought than non-irrigated croplands and grasslands. In the North China, the decrease amplitude of irrigated croplands’ remote sensing parameters is about half of non-irrigated croplands’.