REMOTE SENSING MONITORING OF WETLAND OF SANYA AND LINGSHUI IN HAINAN PROVINCE, BASED ON GF DATA
Keywords: Remote Sensing, Wetland Monitoring, GF Data, Natural Wetland, Constructed Wetland, Hainan Province
Abstract. Wetland is an important land and natural resources with many functions. It is closely related to the survival, reproduction and development of human beings, as well as one of the most important living environments of human beings. Hainan Province, which is located in the northern edge of the tropics with the tropical monsoon climate and covers a variety of wetland types. In this paper, in order to investigate the change of wetland distribution and the variations of area in study region, the remote sensing data of GF-1 and GF-2 from 2009 to 2015 were used. The method used in this study was automatic information extraction and human-computer interaction. The wetland types in study area mainly was divided into three level-1 classes, including coastal wetland, river wetland and lake wetland, and was also divided into eight level-2 classes at the same time. The results showed that the total area of wetland increased 9.13 km2 in study area from 2009 to 2015, in which the area of constructed wetland increased 6.29 km2, the natural wetland increased only 2.83 km2. The area of natural wetland has not changed much, but its proportion has been reduced. This reflected that the wetland in the research area has been more artificially intervened since 2009, which caused the increasing of the area of constructed wetland. As the wetland resources can coordinate the sustainable benefit of the society, the protection of natural wetland should be strengthened and valued.