THE ARCHITECTURE OF A STEREO IMAGE BASED SYSTEM TO MEASURE TREE GEOMETRIC PARAMETERS
Keywords: Point clouds, Robotic Photogrammetry, Tree Geometric parameters, urban Tree, 3D Modelling, Disparity images
Abstract. Stereo photogrammetry enables collecting precise and detailed three-dimensional data of terrestrial objects. The estimation of qualitative and quantitative tree attributes, in particular those related to geometric measures, is crucial for forest management. In this study, a stereo imaging system is designed in order to measure a set of geometric attributes of urban trees such as crown dimensions, height and diameter at multiple height levels. The system consists of two hardware and software components. The hardware comprises two cameras with a specified baseline, two raspberry pi 3 model B+ boards, a GPS, an IMU and a power bank, all embedded in a box. The software includes a connection between the camera and the raspberry pi 3 in each side as well as data transfer to a laptop. The calibration is conducted in laboratory prior to applying the system and leads to achieve a disparity image from a pair of stereo imagery, which is then processed to extract dense point clouds. The system enables measuring basic, yet crucial tree attributes such as height and diameter in near real-time basis. The entire process is conducted by means of drastic libraries in Robot Operating System (ROS). Apart from being convenient and real-time, the system is associated with the potential for timely and precise measurements, which enable comparative analysis against other existing remote measurement systems as well as reference field data.