VALIDATION OF EXTRACTED ENDMEMBERS FROM HYPERSPECTRAL IMAGES
Keywords: Endmember extraction, Field spectral, Hyperspectral image, Pixel Purity Index (PPI), Sequential Maximum Angle Convex Cone (SMACC), Spectral library, Spectral mixture analysis
Abstract. An essential step in the characterization of surface materials using hyperspectral image analysis is image classification using endmembers. Spectral unmixing is the best method for hyperspectral image classification. This method assumes that the pixel-topixel variability in scene results from varying proportions of spectral endmembers. Spectral endmembers can be derived from the imagery or measurements in the laboratory or field. The primary objective of this paper was to assess the ability of extracted endmembers against some different solutions for extraction of endmembers for hyperspectral image classification. In this paper, we compared the Pixel Purity Index (PPI) and the Sequential Maximum Angle Convex Cone (SMACC) as two popular methods of endmember extraction with library and field spectral. We used spectral information divergence for detection desirable endmembers from field spectral. For accuracy assessment of spectral mixture analysis and production of endmember abundance images for each of methods, the linear spectral unmixing algorithm is used. After a comparison between the results of these methods, it has been verified that field spectral have a better classification result in comparing with other endmember extraction methods. Also, the PPI has reliable results as an automatic endmember extraction method in comparing.