ACQUISITION AND PROCESSING OF HIGH RESOLUTION HYPERSPECTRAL IMAGERIES FOR THE 3D MAPPING OF URBAN HEAT ISLANDS AND MICROPARTICLES OF MONTREAL
Keywords: 3D data acquisition and processing, heat islands, microparticles, air pollution, environmental problems
Abstract. Ville de Montreal wanted to develop a system to identify heat islands and microparticles at the urban scale and to study their formation. UQAM and UdeM universities have joined their expertise under the framework "Observatoire Spatial Urbain" to create a representative geospatial database of thermal and atmospheric parameters collected during the summer months. They innovated in the development of a methodology for processing high resolution hyperspectral images (1–2 m). In partnership with Ville de Montreal, they integrated 3D geospatial data (topography, transportation and meteorology) in the process. The 3D mapping of intraurban heat islands as well as air micro-particles makes it possible, initially, to identify the problematic situations for future civil protection interventions during extreme heat. Moreover, it will be used as a reference for the Ville de Montreal to establish a strategy for public domain tree planting and in the analysis of urban development projects.