ASSESSING THE IMPACT OF CANAL NETWORK ON SURFACE WATERLOGGING USING REMOTE SENSING DATASETS IN ROHTAK DISTRICT, HARYANA
Keywords: Waterlogging, Canals, Remote Sensing, GIS, Rohtak
Abstract. Remote Sensing is a very reliable and expeditious technique for assessment and mapping of surface waterlogged areas. In this study band ratio based NDWI index (Normalized Difference Water Index) was used for extracting water pixels from optical imageries. To overcome the limitation of false positives and cloud penetration associated with optical imageries waterlogged areas was also extracted using SAR (Synthetic Aperture Radar) images. Thresholding of NDWI for optical image and Sigma0 for SAR images was done using their respective histograms to distinguish water and terrestrial features. The total surface waterlogged areas in the district was calculated by integrating the results from both optical and SAR images. It was found that surface waterlogged areas varies temporally from pre-monsoon to post-monsoon period in Rohtak district, Haryana. The surface waterlogged area for pre monsoon period is around 9.7 km2 and for post monsoon period is 17.86 km2. The canal and surface drain network in the district was digitized using the high resolution Sentinel 2 MSS images. Since most of the canals in the area are unlined a buffer of 500 m either side of the canals and surface drains was considered to assess the impact of seepage and leakage from canals and surface drains. It was found that more than 50% of the total surface waterlogged areas fall within this buffer, clearly indicating the contribution of leakages from canals and surface drains on surface waterlogging.