ESTIMATION OF INSTANTANEOUS EVAPOTRANSPIRATION USING REMOTE SENSING BASED ENERGY BALANCE TECHNIQUE OVER PARTS OF NORTH INDIA
Keywords: Evapotranspiration, Energy Balance Approach, Remote Sensing, Sensible heat flux
Abstract. Evapotranspiration (ET) is an essential element of the hydrological cycle and plays a significant role in regional and global climate through the hydrological circulation. Estimation and monitoring of actual crop evapotranspiration (ET) or consumptive water use over large-area holds the key for better water management and regional drought preparedness. In the present study, the remote sensing based energy balance (RS-EB) approach has been used to estimate the spatial variation of instantaneous evapotranspiration (ETinst). The (ETinst) is evaluated as the residual value after computing net radiation, soil heat flux and sensible heat flux using multispectral remote sensing data from Landsat-8 for the post-monsoon and summer season of 2016–2017 over the parts of North India. Cloud free temporal remote sensing data of October 12, 2016; November, 13, 2016; March 05, 2017 and May 24, 2017 were used as primary data for this study. The study showed that normalized difference vegetation index and LST are closely related and serve as a proxy for qualitative representation of (ETinst).