ESTIMATION OF REVISED CAPACITY IN GOBIND SAGAR RESERVOIR USING GOOGLE EARTH ENGINE AND GIS
Keywords: NDWI, Capacity curve, Sedimentation, Cumulative Capacity, Water-Spread Area, Google Earth Engine, GIS, Satellite Data
Abstract. Capacity studies of reservoirs are important to evaluate sedimentation and optimize reservoir operation schedule based on realistic assessment of available storage. Capacity study at regular interval provide information about rate and pattern of sedimentation between various levels, loss of capacity due to sedimentation, remaining time span of reservoir, etc. In the present study, evaluation of revised capacity of Gobind Sagar reservoir in Bilaspur district, Himachal Pradesh, India has been done using Google Earth Engine. Landsat 8 (OLI) data for September 2015 and for the period September 2017 to May 2018 covering full extent of Gobind Sagar reservoir is taken to compute the water spread area of this reservoir at different dates. Subsequently, the reservoir water level and volume of water stored on the corresponding dates is acquired from India-WRIS. By using trapezoidal formula capacity between two elevations is determined using water spread area obtained from Google Earth Engine analysis and elevation data obtained from India-WRIS. The comparison of water spread areas of different water levels, as obtained from remotely sensed data from September 2017 to May, 2018 with those from survey carried out during 1996/97, indicates a reduction in the capacity by 10.71% and sedimentation rate was estimated to be 14.24 Mm3/year.