A STUDY ON THE DEVELOPMENT AND SANITATION PROFILE OF SMART CITIES – A CASE STUDY OF TIRUCHIRAPALLI CITY
Keywords: Swachh Bharat Abhiyaan, Public toilets, Statistics, Development Index, Adequacy, NDVI
Abstract. Health and Sanitation are the two major limbs that support Swachh Bharat Abhiyaan. This scheme was launched by the Indian Government targeting towards achieving a more clean and healthy India. The present study was done for estimating the cleanliness and development of Tiruchirapalli city located in the state of Tamil Nadu. Geospatial & Statistical tools were used for analyzing and ranking different wards. Panchromatic & MSS merged image and ancillary data obtained from Trichy Municipal Corporation was used to derive necessary GIS layers. Adequacy of the public toilets for each ward was found out using spatial layers and mathematical equation derived from census and sanitation data. Development Index was generated for each ward giving appropriate ranking by considering parameters such as public toilets, population, built-up densities and NDVI for each ward. The results were used for estimating the adequacy of public toilets in each ward and deciding the best wards based on ranks obtained from weighted values of different developmental parameters.