CALIBRATION AND VALIDATION OF THE ADVANCED LAND OBSERVING SATELLITE-3 “ALOS-3”
Keywords: Satellite, Optical, High resolution, Calibration, Validation
Abstract. The “Advanced Land Observing Satellite-3” (ALOS-3, nicknamed “DAICHI-3”) is the next high-resolution optical mission as a successor of the optical mission by the Advanced Land Observing Satellite (ALOS, “DAICHI”) in Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency (JAXA), and will be launched in Japanese Fiscal Year 2020. ALOS-3 is now under developing the flight model. The major missions of ALOS-3 are (1) to contribute safe and secure social including provision for natural disasters, and (2) to create and update geospatial information in land and coastal areas. To achieve the missions, the “WIde-Swath and High-resolution optical imager” (WISH, as a tentative name) is mounted on ALOS-3, which consists of the high-resolution panchromatic- and multispectral-bands.
This paper introduces the overview of ALOS-3’s mission and the calibration and validation plan at JAXA. The standard product is the system corrected data using the sensor models, which will be provided from the sensor development team. Therefore, the sensor calibration is directly affected to the accuracies of the standard product. In addition, the sensor model based the Rational Polynomial Coefficient will be contained with level 1B2 standard product that can be used to process an ortho rectification and three-dimensional measurement from ALOS-3 images. As the target accuracy of WISH’s standard products, the geometric accuracies are less than 5 m in horizontal without ground control point (GCP), and 1.25 m in horizontal and 2.5 m in vertical with GCPs (1 sigma), and the radiometric accuracy is ± 10 % as absolutely and ± 5 % as relatively for multispectral band.