INDOOR BUILDING SURVEY ASSESSMENT
Keywords: indoor mapping, accuracy assessment, mobile mapping systems, cloud-to-cloud evaluation
Abstract. There are multiple emerging technologies, devices and integrated equipment to support indoor mapping. The two main categories are the wearable/portable (e.g. hand-held or backpack devices) and the trolley based devices. The most widely used sensors of the integrated systems are the laser scanners (usually profile scanners), camera(s) and the IMU unit. Compared to outdoor mobile mapping systems the main difference is the lack of GNSS signals; localization is usually supported by SLAM (Simultaneous Localization and Mapping) technology, using Kalman-filtering. Current paper discusses the assessment of the potential of trolley-based indoor mobile mapping systems (MMS) by surveying a building part by multiple technologies. Besides conventional land surveying measurements, terrestrial lasers scanning and a backpack-based mobile survey have been carried out. The analysis included cloud-to-cloud comparison as well as CAD-based evaluation focusing on the geometric accuracy of the point clouds. The paper also presents the surveying workflow; on its resource-needs and potential application fields. The paper discusses the data acquisition technologies and procedures and the different quality assessment methods and results. Since an experimental survey was conducted with a backpack-based unit in the same study area, the paper gives a brief overview on how the two different mobile mapping technologies can be applied indoor, and presents the main differences, advantages and drawbacks.