GEOMETRIC ACCURACY EVALUATION OF THE ZY-3 STEREO MAPPING SATELLITE FOR 8 YEARS
Keywords: ZY-3, Satellite, Stereo, Mapping, Accuracy
Abstract. The Ziyuan-3 (ZY-3) is the first civil high-resolution optical stereoscopic mapping satellite developed by China. It was launched on January 9, 2012, and as of January 9, 2020, it has been in a continuous operation for 8 years in orbit. The direct geolocation performances of ZY-3 based on the Rational Polynomial Coefficients (RPC) model are discussed, and the monoscopic and stereoscopic geometric accuracy of ZY-3 with ground control point (GCP) have also been studied using a bundle block adjustment with the affine correction in image space. Through the analysis of 47 sets of ZY-3 stereo data in Harbin, China, it can be found that from 2012 to 2019, the ZY-3 geolocation accuracy without GCP remains stable, with an average planimetric accuracy of approximately 16.2m, an average elevation accuracy of about 7.5m. The internal accuracy of the panchromatic triplet images is better than 1.0 pixel, the planimetric accuracy and elevation accuracy of stereo triplets and and stereo pairs are better than 2.0 meters with control points. In general, the results show that the ZY-3 satellite has been in good and stable condition during in-orbit operation in the past 8 years, and the various test indicators have been able to meet the design specifications.