IMPROVING THE INTERNAL ACCURACY OF UAV-IMAGE BLOCKS USING LOCAL LOW-ALTITUDE FLIGHTS AND SCALE-BARS
Keywords: UAV mapping, local measurement, photogrammetric block, internal accuracy, calibrated scale-bar
Abstract. Accurate image-based measurement based on UAV data is attracting attention in various applications. While the external accuracy of the UAV image blocks could be mainly affected by object-space information like number and distribution of ground control points and RTK-GNSS accuracy, its internal accuracy highly depends on camera specifications, flight height, data capturing setup and accuracy of scale estimation. For many small-scale projects accurate local measurements are highly demanded. This necessitates high internal accuracy of images block which could be transferred from model space to object space by accurate estimation of the scale parameter. This research aims at improving the internal accuracy of UAV image blocks using low-altitude flight(s) over small parts of the project area without using any ground control points. Possible further improvement by using calibrated scale-bars which serve as scale-constraints is also investigated. To this end, different scenarios of the flight configuration and distance measurements in the two photogrammetric blocks are also considered and the results are analyzed. Our investigations show 50% accuracy improvement achieved by performing local flights over small parts of the scene, given that RTK information is available. Moreover, adding accurate scale-bars increased the accuracy improvement to 67%. Furthermore, when RTK information is not available, adding local low-altitude flights and scale-bars decrease the error of local distance measurement form 1–3 meters to less than 4 centimeters.