FEASIBILITY VERIFICATION OF VIRTUAL REFERENCE STATION TECHNOLOGY IN GEOLOGICAL HAZARD MONITORING
Keywords: CORS, Geological Disaster Monitoring and Early Warning, GNSS, VRS
Abstract. The surveying and mapping administrative competent departments in 31 provinces (autonomous regions and municipalities) have built provincial-level satellite navigation and positioning reference stations and data centers, and provided CORS services. This provides a good condition for exploring the application of geological hazard monitoring and early warning using Virtual Reference Station (VRS) service based on CORS. At present, the layout mode of "one point one reference station" is usually adopted, when GNSS is used for geological disaster monitoring and early warning. However, the high deployment cost of this plan limits its largescale promotion and application. Using the existing CORS service resources of natural resource system, this paper carried out the application experiment of virtual reference station in geological hazard monitoring application at Huanglongya geological hazard monitoring site in Shaanxi Province, and assessed the virtual reference station data quality, comparative analyzed the precision of static baseline processing results and GNSS real-time deformation monitoring results. The experimental results show that the overall quality of virtual reference station data is better than that of the monitoring station, and the accuracy of the static baseline calculation results is better than 1.0cm in the X direction, and better than 2.0cm in the Y direction and Z direction, which is similar to the static baseline calculation results formed by the physical reference station. The accuracy of the baseline results of real-time observation data calculation is better than 5mm in horizontal RMS and 15mm in vertical RMS. Therefore, it can be seen that the virtual reference station is feasible to be used as the reference station for geological disaster monitoring. In addition, the application experiment of network RTK real-time dynamic single epoch positioning mode is also carried out in geological hazard monitoring. The experimental results show that the RMS values of all three directions are ±3.7mm, ±9.2mm and ±5.0mm respectively, which meet the precision requirements of GNSS disaster monitoring. Therefore, it is also a feasible scheme for geological disaster monitoring and early warning.