ANALYSIS OF THE PERFORMANCE OF AN UWB-BASED COOPERATIVE POSITIONING FOR DIFFERENT CAR PLATOON CONFIGURATIONS
Keywords: Collaborative positioning, UWB, Extended Kalman filter
Abstract. The increasing interest in autonomous vehicles motivates the researches aiming at developing reliable positioning system also in conditions challenging for the Global Navigation Satellite Systems (GNSS), such as in urban canyons, tunnels, under quite dense vegetation. The uso of Ultra Wide-Band (UWB) systems is among the quite well known methods for providing reasonable positioning results without exploiting GNSS. UWB systems are typically used indoors, however their use can be of interest also outdoors, in particular when the need is to ensure good positioning results over a quite small area. This paper investigates the use of UWB systems for positioning in the case of terrestrial vehicles, and, more specifically, it focuses on checking the influence of car platoon configurations on the performance of an UWB cooperative positioning system. In the considered tests, where a high percentage of UWB communications was successful, the obtained results show that the car configuration can have a quite remarkable impact on the positioning performance, doubling the obtained median error.