EVALUATION OF INTERIOR ORIENTATION MODELLING FOR CAMERAS WITH ASPHERIC LENSES AND IMAGE PRE-PROCESSING WITH SPECIAL EMPHASIS TO SFM RECONSTRUCTION
Keywords: interior orientation, structure-from-motion, aspheric lenses, image pre-processing, camera calibration, precision
Abstract. For optical 3D measurements in close-range and UAV applications, the modelling of interior orientation is of superior importance in order to subsequently allow for high precision and accuracy in geometric 3D reconstruction. Nowadays, modern camera systems are often used for optical 3D measurements due to UAV payloads and economic purposes. They are constructed of aspheric and spherical lens combinations and include image pre-processing like low-pass filtering or internal distortion corrections that may lead to effects in image space not being considered with the standard interior orientation models. With a variety of structure-from-motion (SfM) data sets, four typical systematic patterns of residuals could be observed. These investigations focus on the evaluation of interior orientation modelling with respect to minimising systematics given in image space after bundle adjustment. The influences are evaluated with respect to interior and exterior orientation parameter changes and their correlations as well as the impact in object space. With the variety of data sets, camera/lens/platform configurations and pre-processing influences, these investigations indicate a number of different behaviours. Some specific advices in the usage of extended interior orientation models, like Fourier series, could be derived for a selection of the data sets. Significant reductions of image space systematics are achieved. Even though increasing standard deviations and correlations for the interior orientation parameters are a consequence, improvements in object space precision and image space reliability could be reached.