AUTOMATIC MODELLING OF 3D TREES USING AERIAL LIDAR POINT CLOUD DATA AND DEEP LEARNING
Keywords: AHN, Aerial Laser Scanning, Point Cloud, PointNet, Deep Learning, CityJSON
Abstract. 3D tree objects can be used in various applications, like estimation of physiological equivalent temperature (PET). During this project, a method is designed to extract 3D tree objects from a country-wide point cloud. To apply this method on large scale, the algorithm needs to be efficient. Extraction of trees is done in two steps: point-wise classification using the PointNet deep learning network, and Watershed segmentation to split points into individual trees. After that, 3D tree models are made. The method is evaluated on 3 areas, a park, city center and housing block in the city of Deventer, the Netherlands. This resulted into an average accuracy of 92% and a F1-score of 0.96.