EVALUATION OF TUNNEL EXCAVATION COMBINING TERRESTRIAL LASER SCANNING POINT CLOUDS AND DESIGN MODELS
Keywords: Terrestrial Laser Scanning, Tunnel Excavation Evaluation, Cross-Section, Design Model, Three-Dimensional Reconstruction, Centerline Fitting
Abstract. The quality of tunnel excavation is evaluated by comparing the excavated tunnel and the design model. Terrestrial laser scanning (TLS) provides surveyors with dense and accurate three-dimensional (3D) point clouds for excavation model reconstruction. However, sufficient attention has not been paid to incorporating design models for tunnel point cloud processing. In this paper, a technical framework that combines TLS point clouds and the design model for tunnel excavation evaluation is proposed. Firstly, the point clouds are sliced into cross-sections and the feature points are accordingly extracted. Then, considering the structure of the design model, feature point deficiencies are repaired by topological and parametric model interpolation. Finally, the excavation quality is evaluated in terms of the deviation of centerlines and 3D models. This method is validated in the case study. Experiments show that the deviation of centerline azimuth is acceptable but there remain considerable overbreak and underbreak, which respectively account for 20.6% and 11.2% of the design excavation volume.