EVALUATING TIE POINTS DISTRIBUTION, MULTIPLICITY AND NUMBER ON THE ACCURACY OF UAV PHOTOGRAMMETRY BLOCKS
Keywords: Tie point filtering, Bundle adjustment, Precision, Simulation
Abstract. Image orientation is a fundamental task in photogrammetric applications and it is performed by extracting keypoints with hand-crafted or learning-based methods, generating tie points among the images and running a bundle adjustment procedure. Nowadays, due to large number of extracted keypoints, tie point filtering approaches attempt to eliminate redundant tie points in order to increase accuracy and reduce processing time. This paper presents the results of an investigation concerning tie points impact on bundle adjustment results. Simulations and real data are processed in Australis and DBAT to evaluate different affecting factors, including tie point numbers, location accuracy, distribution and multiplicity. Achieved results show that increasing the amount of tie points improve the quality of bundle adjustment results, provided that the tie points are well-distributed on the image. Furthermore, bundle adjustment quality is improved as the multiplicity of tie points increases and their location uncertainty decrease. Based on simulation results, some suggestions for accurate tie points filtering in typical UAV photogrammetry blocks cases are derived.