3D MODELING AND GIS ANALYSIS FOR AERODROME FOREST OBSTACLE MONITORING
Keywords: aerodrome safety, difference matrix, digital cartographic model, GIS analysis, forest management, obstacle limitation surfaces
Abstract. The article discusses methods for constructing and using digital photogrammetric and cartographic models as a basis for growing tree height control and plantation planning in aerodrome areas. Forests or gardens in the take-off and landing flight areas, exceeding special limitation surfaces, are dangerous obstacles and intended to cut down. Tree and bush vegetation should be under periodic monitoring because of their growth. The research was aimed to determine the maximum permissible obstacle height and tree age when it reaches the obstacle limitation surface altitude. For these purposes, it is proposed to use geospatial modeling and geoinformation analysis methods. As a basis for geospatial models, remote sensing optical stereo images were used. The allowable height is calculated as a difference between 3D obstacle limitation surface and the earth surface altitude values. The article presents the study results for a Belarus climatic zone, where the tree species predictive age in reaching the maximum permissible height is calculated. The main goal of the technology is to manage the aerodrome forest plantation growth without further labor-intensive monitoring, while ensuring the safety of aircraft flights.