3D MODELLING OF TRAM TUNNEL FROM TLS POINT CLOUDS FOR TECHNICAL DOCUMENTATION AND EXTRACTION OF CHARACTERISTIC LINES
Keywords: 3D Modelling, TLS, Characteristic lines extraction, Cross sections, technical documentation
Abstract. The Strasbourg tramway has only one tunnel 1400 m long built in 1994. It grants the operation of two lines of the transportation network. It also houses the only underground station "Gare centrale" and is the only tunnel operated by the CTS (Compagnie des Transports Strasbourgeois). Due to new guidelines for georeferencing of underground networks, the CTS had to know the precise planimetric and altimetric position of the tunnel, considered as a sensitive network located in urban areas. The regulations also set the criteria for precision which for this specific case requires an accuracy of less than 40 cm. This project on behalf of and in partnership with the CTS therefore aims to set up a method allowing the 3D survey of the tunnel considering the specific constraints of urban transport networks and then to propose different 2D or 3D deliverables allowing the management of the tunnel. Initially, the project focused on extracting the shape of the tunnel characteristic lines, which corresponds to the line tangent to the points of higher altitude and the extreme points of each cross-section, along the axis of the tunnel. In a second step, a 2D plan containing all the technical elements present in the tunnel was realized, as well as a 3D modelling of a significative part of the infrastructure. A video was also derived from the point cloud to inspect the entire tunnel from different points of views. In the future, more advanced 3D models or BIM models could be considered. This would require information on the structure of the walls, the construction materials, or the links between the different elements. A project to survey and model the underground station will make it possible in the future to perfect the acquisition and knowledge of the underground infrastructures belonging to the transport company.