AUTOMATION OF AS-BUILT BIM CREATION FROM POINT CLOUD: AN OVERVIEW OF RESEARCH WORKS FOCUSED ON INDOOR ENVIRONMENT
Keywords: state of the art, scan-to-BIM, as-built BIM, segmentation, 3D point cloud, indoor
Abstract. While BIM (Building Information Modelling) appears as a solution to reduce the cost and environmental impact of buildings, its implementation on existing buildings is still a major challenge. In the last five years, an important number of publications on the topic have been published. This paper proposes an up-to-date overview about the automation of as-built BIM creation from point clouds, focused on indoor environment. It is structured in two main parts. The first one deals with the segmentation and classification of point clouds by storey, rooms, walls, and slabs. The second one focuses on the modelling, strictly speaking, of the main elements of an indoor scene. The approaches are grouped into principal ideas. Through the presentation of methods using new types of scanners and associated sensors, it highlights the promising use of other information in addition to 3D geometry.