AERIAL PHOTOGRAMMETRY AND MACHINE LEARNING BASED REGIONAL LANDSLIDE SUSCEPTIBILITY ASSESSMENT FOR AN EARTHQUAKE PRONE AREA IN TURKEY
Keywords: Aerial Photogrammetry, Landslide Susceptibility Mapping, Machine Learning, Random Forest, Frequency Ratio, Elazig, Malatya (Turkey)
Abstract. Landslide is a frequently observed natural phenomenon and a geohazard with destructive effects on economies, society and the environment. Production of up-to-date landslide susceptibility (LS) maps is an essential process for landslide hazard mitigation. Obtaining up-to-date and accurate data for the production of LS maps is also important and this task can be achieved by using aerial photogrammetric techniques, which can produce geospatial data with high resolution. The produced geospatial datasets can be integrated in data-driven methods for obtaining accurate LS maps. In the present study, LS map was produced by using data-driven machine learning (ML) methods, i.e. random forest (RF). An earthquake and landslide prone area from the south-eastern part of Turkey was selected as the study area. Topographical derivatives were extracted from digital surface models (DSMs) produced by using aerial photogrammetric datasets with 30 cm ground sampling distances. The lithological parameters were employed in the study together with an accurate landslide inventory, which were also delineated by using the high-resolution DSMs and orthophotos. The relationships between the landslide occurrence and the pre-defined conditioning factors were analyzed using the frequency ratio (FR) method. The results show that the RF method exhibits high prediction performance in the study area with an area under curve (AUC) value of 0.92.