SMALL UAVS-BASED DISASTER DAMAGE INVESTIGATION: FOCUSED ON FLOODING DISASTER AND CHEMICAL ACCIDENT
Keywords: Disaster, UAV, 3D mapping, Monitoring, Chemical accident, Flooding
Abstract. Disasters that occur in recent years are linked to various factors and occur in a chain, and the scale is also increasing. In order to solve the more complex and serious disaster problem, it is necessary to expand the affect scope of the disaster and to acquire and manage information by integrating and operating various sensors. With the introduction of UAVs for disaster work, various studies such as investigation of the affected area, rescue of survivors, and establishment of emergency communication networks are being conducted. This is useful for strengthening the field of disaster management because it is very effective in terms of time and human resources. In addition, it is possible to acquire high-resolution images, and by using the 3D point cloud data and ortho-mosaic imagery generation, it is possible to produce a disaster scene close to the real world. Therefore, if UAV information can be linked to disaster types and characteristics prior to supporting disaster damage investigation, it is possible to establish a response method according to the disaster damage situation and help decision-making. In order to examine the applicability of UAV technology for actual disaster sites, this study conducted data collection and analysis of damaged areas targeting sites damaged by heavy rain and chemical accidents. In the heavy rain damage site, flooding damage occurred in the ginseng cultivation patches due to river overflow caused by the torrential rain, and the damaged area and lots were investigated. The site of the chemical accident was damaged by hydrochloric acid gas leaking into the atmosphere, and the surrounding forest, crops, and residential facilities were identified and the affected area was calculated. As a result of investigating the damage from heavy rain and chemical accidents using UAV, it was possible to quickly collect data on a wide disaster site. In addition, it was easy to calculate the damaged area based on ortho-imagery, and the limitations of spatial analysis were reduced, so that it could be used more specifically and efficiently to the disaster site.