PARAMETERS TO ESTIMATE CO2 EMISSION IN PEATLAND AREA BASED ON CARBON CONTENT AND SUBSIDENCE RATE FROM SAR INTERFEROMETRY
Keywords: subsidence, peatland, InSAR, persistent scatterer, carbon content, CO2 emission
Abstract. Peatlands are one of the important parameters to determine environmental quality because peatlands can store carbon stocks in their biomass. Based on the official page pantaugambut.id, Kalimantan Island is the second largest area that has peatlands. Land subsidence (subsidence) on peatland is one of the physical environmental impacts due to the shrinking volume of peat due to the drought process at a certain level in peatland processing, but also due to the decomposition process, erosion, and peat fires. This subsidence phenomenon will be measured using the InSAR technique, which is one of the existing methods in active remote sensing technology to measure changes in the earth’s surface which is calculated based on changes in the phase difference between two SAR image acquisitions. Our research used the time series InSAR technique with the incorporation of Persistent Scatterer (PS) and small baseline approach to accurately calculate the value of soil subsidence rate to the cm-mm level. Furthermore, the estimation of CO2 emission was calculated from the carbon parameters observed by the in-situ measurement, the affected peatland area, and its subsidence obtained by satellite remote sensing. We found that the highest CO2 emission was located in the southern part of the study area. Since years ago, the region has been affected by deforestation and land expansion due to the need for fiscal revenues from palm oil and urbanization.