DETERMINATION OF CHLOROPHYLL CONTENT IN SELECTED GRASS COMMUNITIES OF KRKONOŠE MTS. TUNDRA BASED ON LABORATORY SPECTROSCOPY AND AERIAL HYPERSPECTRAL DATA
Keywords: leaf chlorophyll content, canopy chlorophyll content, green LAI, laboratory and image spectroscopy, Krkonoše Mts., grasses, tundra
Abstract. The study focuses on the determination of chlorophyll content in four prevailing grasses in the relict arctic-alpine tundra located in the Krkonoše Mountains National Park, Czech Republic. We compared two methods for determination of leaf chlorophyll content (LCC) – spectrophotometric determination in the laboratory, and the LCC assessed by fluorescence portable chlorophyll meter CCM-300. Relationships were established between the LCCs and vegetation indices calculated from leaf spectra acquired with contact probe coupled with an ASD FieldSpec4 Wide-Res spectroradiometer. Canopy chlorophyll contents (CCC) were computed from the LCCs and green leaf area index (LAI), and modelled based on the field spectra measured by the spectroradiometer and the hyperspectral images acquired by Headwall Nano-Hyperspec® mounted on the DJI Matrice 600 Pro drone. The calculations are performed on datasets acquired in June, July and August 2020 together and separately for species and months. In general, the correlations based on June datasets work the best at both levels: median R2 for all indices was 0.52 for all species together at leaf level and median R2 = 0.47 at the canopy level (vegetation indices computed from field spectra). Canopy chlorophyll content map was created based on the results of stepwise multiple linear regression. The R2 was 0.42 when using four wavelengths from the red and red edge spectral region. We attribute the weak model performance to a combination of several factors: leaf structure may bias LCC from laboratory measurements, effects of LAI variability on CCC, and the sampling design, probably not covering the whole phenology equally for all studied species.