ANALYSIS OF OVERESTIMATION IN HISTORICAL ICE FLOW VELOCITY MAPS IN WESTERN PACIFIC OCEAN SECTOR, ANTARCTICA
Keywords: Adjustment, Overestimation, Historical Ice Velocity, Acceleration, East Antarctica
Abstract. High accuracy reconstruction of historical ice flow velocity fields is crucial in mass balance research of the Antarctic Ice Sheet by utilizing the input-output approach. A historical flow velocity of the Western Pacific Ocean sector region of East Antarctica from 1963 to 1989 was mapped and then corrected for its velocity overestimation. In this study, we analyzed the spatial distribution of the corrected values, and further assessed the relationship between the corrected values and related factors including timespan of image pairs, ice flow velocity, the spatial acceleration of ice flow velocity, and surface slope. The results indicate that the corrected ice flow velocity points are mostly dispersed between a buffer 25 km upstream and a buffer 25 km downstream the grounding line, with the largest mean value emerging in the region between the grounding line and its 25 km downstream. The corrected values exhibit linear correlation with three conditions: 1) when the ice flow velocity range is 0 – 1586 m/y, 2) spatial acceleration is 0 – 69 (m/y)/km, and 3) the slope is 0 – 1.95 degrees and the R2 is higher than 0.7. However, the correlation between timespan and corrected values is not obvious. The corrected values for the floating region have a greater linear correlation with all three factors than the inland region. Ice flow velocity, spatial acceleration, and surface slope all have an influence on the distribution of the corrected values of the reconstructed historical ice flow velocity maps, and may further affect the assessment of the mass balance of the Antarctic Ice Sheet.